Prevention of Genocide and Mass Atrocities
Program 2, Prevention of Genocide and Mass Atrocities is led by Program Convener, Dr Sara Davies, Senior Research Fellow, Griffith University.
The Centre's Prevention program entails two streams:(1) The first research project focuses on the prevention of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV)– “Early Warning Systems for SGBV and the responsibility to prevent”. This research project examines the structural preconditions that reduce the risk of sexual and gender based violence, which has the aim, in turn, to analyse the utility of gender-specific early warning indicators for the prevention of mass atrocities. In 2009 (A/63/677) and 2010 (A/64/684), the Secretary General’s Reports on Responsibility to Protect argued that there was a lack of systematic understanding as to how local, national and regional civil society organizations, focused on WPS, assisted with the prevention of conflict escalation, specifically sexual and gender based violence. It was also noted that there is a significant lack of gender reference to early warning prevention programs. This research project seeks to explore the Asia Pacific as a regional example of where strengths and weaknesses lie in terms of structural prevention of sexual and gender based violence; and identify opportunities for strengthening regional and national early warning systems to prevent prevent such atrocities from occurring.
The second stream seeks to carry forward recommendations from the Council for Security Cooperation in the Asia Pacific (CSCAP) Study Group on the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) (2010-2011), which identified a regional consensus on the R2P principle and pathways to implementation by regional arrangements. Since the introduction of the ASEAN Charter, there is growing evidence that regional engagement with R2P is likely to become stronger. Not least, ASEAN’s Political and Security Community, the AICHR, the emerging Indonesian-led Institute for Peace and Reconciliation and the Association’s diplomacy with regards to Myanmar and the Thai-Cambodian conflict offer opportunities for developing regional capacities for implementing R2P. This project will facilitate dialogue amongst officials from ASEAN members and the UN about potential pathways for implementing R2P in the region and deepening region-UN relations. Read more...